Lots were laid out for the Cutchogue division of land between the original settlers in 1667, making it what Southold Town’s first historian, African-American Wayland Jefferson, called “Southold’s first colony.”
The hamlet took its name from the Corchaug Indians who were living on what is now called the North Fork at the time of Southold’s founding in 1640. Corchaug meant “principal place” in the Indians’ language.
Perhaps the principal place to which the Corchaugs were referring was
the ancient Native American palisade fortification we know as Fort
Three other families of Indians existed on eastern Long Island and each
of the four groups had a fort at which the chiefs (related to each other
by blood) could communicate by sending smoke signals.
Today there is no trace of the three other forts. Archeologist Ralph
Solecki, who first brought the Fort Corchaug site to public attention,
called it “without peer on the whole Atlantic seaboard.”
The rendition of Fort Corchaug, which is on The National Register
of Historic Places, was done by artist Theresa Shaw. Note the typical
beehive-shaped huts used by the Corchaugs.
In July of 1997, after decades of effort, state, county, and town
officials together with the Peconic Land Trust worked out an arrangement
for over one million dollars that preserves the Fort Corchaug site.
Other points of historical interest are the green at Case’s Lane and
Route 25 with the oldest English-style house in New York State built in
1649, the Wickham farmhouse, circa 1740; the old Schoolhouse Museum; and
the Cutchogue Library, part of which was built in 1862 as a
The John Budd House was built in Southold by John Budd in 1649. He gave
it to his daughter Anna when she married Benjamin Horton. It was moved
to Cutchogue in 1661 and is official designated a national historic
landmark. (Photo courtesy of Mr. Ralph Publiese Jr.)